Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in a Sub-Urban Population of South-East Nigeria: A 2.5 Year Analysis

Christopher Nonso Ekwunife *

Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria.

Uchechi Chukwudike Ekpemiro

Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria.

Ifeanyichukwu Emmanuel Ihedoro

Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria.

Cornelius C. Chukwuegbo

Department of Anatomical Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Gastrointestinal endoscopy is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure vital for the  management of gastrointestinal pathologies. This is indispensable in modern medicine. We report our early experience with video gastrointestinal endoscopy at the Federal Medical Centre Umuahia, a tertiary hospital in southeast Nigeria.

Methods: A cross-sectional observational study of all patients who underwent  esophagogastroduodenoscopy(OGD) at the Federal Medical Centre Umuahia  in the two and half year period  between July 2020 and December 2022 was done.

Results: The patients comprised 60 females (51.7%) and 56 males(48.3%). The mean age of the patients was 55.3 ± 17.0 with a range of 14-90 years. Dyspepsia and gastrointestinal haemorrhage accounted for over three-quarters of the indication for endoscopy. The most frequent findings at endoscopy were features of gastritis, followed by gastroduodenal erosions. Twenty-three (19.8%) of the patients had normal findings at endoscopy. Mass lesions were seen in 9.5% of the cases.

Conclusion: The diagnostic yield of endoscopy is high in appropriate indications. The appreciable proportion of oesophago-gastric tumours seen should stimulate further research. Despite the infancy of our practice, our outcomes were similar to other established centres in our nation.

Keywords: Gastrointestinal endoscopy, oesophago-gastric tumours, therapeutic procedure, endoscopy


How to Cite

Ekwunife , C. N., Ekpemiro , U. C., Ihedoro , I. E., & Chukwuegbo , C. C. (2023). Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in a Sub-Urban Population of South-East Nigeria: A 2.5 Year Analysis. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Gastroenterology, 6(1), 158–163. Retrieved from https://journalajrrga.com/index.php/AJRRGA/article/view/118

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