Main Article Content
Appendicitis is a special type of inflammation form in the vermiform appendix lumen. It is part of most life-threatening cases. The obstruction and accumulation of bacterial in the lumen may be induced in the pathogenesis of appendicitis. This condition will develop worse if the patient nor getting treatment properly, as a physician we have to know about clinical manifestations, physical examination findings, laboratory tests and management. When antibiotic treatment is not changing the symptoms during the initial admission, surgery treatment might be considered to be performed. In recurrent disease, either a second course of antibiotics or appendectomy can be applied. The aim of this review, to explain the current concept of appendicitis on diagnosis approach and management.
Lee JH, Park YS, Choi JS. The epidemiology of appendicitis and appendectomy in South Korea: National registry data. J Epidemiol. 2010;20:97-105.
Di Saverio S, Birindelli A, Kelly MD, Catena F, Weber DG, Sartelli M, et al. WSES Jerusalem guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis. World Journal of Emergency Surgery. 2016; 11(34):1-25.
Lewis SR, Mahony PJ, Simpson J. Appendicitis. Br Med J. 2011;343:d5976.
El-Daou S, Adaimi F, Fakih A, El-Assaad R, Maasarani D, Kanj M, et al. A clinicopathological review of 655 appendices removed for acute appendicitis in a tertiary care medical center in Lebanon: A retrospective study. J Gastro & Digestive Sytems. 2019;3(2):1-4.
Chandrasekaran TV, Johnson N. Acute appendicitis. Surgery. 2014;32(8):413-17.
Chandrashekar S, Lokesh MG, Avinash SR. Prevalence of perforated appendicitis and its determinants in pediatric appendicitis patients admitted in tertiary care centre, South India: A cross sectional study. Int Surg J. 2018;5(12):3926-29.
McBurney C.IV. The incision made in the abdominal wall in cases of appendicitis, with a description of a new method of operating. Ann Surg.1894;20:38-43.
Semm K. Endoscopic appendectomy. Endoscopy. 1983;15:59-64.
Smith MP, Katz DS, Lalani T, Carucci LR, Cash BD, Kim DH, et al. Right lower quadrant pain-suspected appendicitis. Ultrasound Q. 2015;31(2):85-91.
Ebell MH, Athens, Georgia. Diagnosis of appendicitis: Part II. Laboratory and imaging tests. Am Fam Physician. 2008; 77(8):1153-55.
Jones RP, Jeffrey RB, Shah BR, Desser TS, Rosenberg J, Olcott EW. The Alvarado score as a method for reducing the number of CT studies when appendiceal ultrasound fails to visualize the appendix in adults. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015;204: 519-26.
Seal A. Appendicitis: A historical review. Can J Surg. 1981;24(4):427-33.
Puylaert JB. Acute appendicitis: US evaluation using graded compression. Radiology. 1986;158(2):355-60.
Yamashita Y, Nishino Y, Hirakawa K. Radiographic diagnosis of acute appendicitis, a disease commonly treated by emergency surgery. Establishment of the diagnosis depending on characteristic findings. Shokaki Geka (Intestinal Surgey). 2000;23:1903-10.
Hanafi MG, Shiri A. Diagnostic accuracy of acute appendicitis by ultrasound in Hospital Emergency. IJP. 2018;7(1):8787-93.
Cushieri J, Florence M, Flum DR, Jurkovich GJ, Lin P, Steele SR, et al. Negative appendectomy and imaging accuracy in the Washington Stase Surgical Care and outcomes assessment program. Ann Surg. 2008;248:557-63.
Kim K, Kim YH, Kim SY, Kim S, Lee YJ, Kim KP, et al. Low dose abdominal CT for evaluating suspected appendicitis. N Engl J Med. 2012;366:1596-605.
Terasawa T, Blackmore CC, Bent S, Kholwes RJ. Systematic review: Computed tomography and ultrasonography to detect acute appendicitis in adults and adolescents. Ann Intern Med. 2004;141: 537-46
Snyder MJ, Guthrie M, Cagle S. Acute appendicitis: Efficient diagnosis and management. AFP. 2018;98(1):25-33.
Hardy A, Butler B, Crandall M. The evaluation of the acute abdomen. In: Moore LJ et al. editors. Common problems in acute care surgery. New York; Springer Science+Business Media; 2013.
Ranji SR, Goldman LE, Simel DL, Shojania KG. Do opioid affect the clinical evaluation of patients with acute abdominal pain? JAMA. 2006;296(14):1764-74.
Mousavi SM, Paydar S, Tahmasebi S, Ghahramani L. The effects of intravenous acetaminophen on pain and clinical findings of patients with acute appendicitis: A randomized clinical trial. Bull Emerg Trauma. 2014;2(1):22-6.
Wojciechowicz KH, Hoffkamp HJ, van Hulst RA. Conservative treatment of acute appendicitis: An overview. Int Marit Health. 2010;62:265-72.
Gee D, Babineau TJ. Theoptimal management of adult patients presenting with appendiceal abscess: Conservative vs immediate operative management. Curr Surg. 2004;61:524-28.
Salminen P, Paajanen H, Rautio T, Nordstrom P, Aarnio M, Rantanen T, et al. Antibiotic therapy vs appendectomy for treatment of uncomplicated acute appendicitis: The APPAC randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2015;313:2340-48.
Coccolini F, Fugazzola P, Sartelli M, Enrico C, Maria GS, Gioacchino L, et al. Conservative treatment of acute appendicitis. Acta Biomed. 2018;89(9): 119-34.
Sohn M, Agha A, Bremer S, Lehmann KS, Bormann M, Horchrein H. Surgical management of acute appendicitis in adults: A review of current techniques. International Journal of Surgery. 2017;48: 232-39.
Yau KK, Siu WT, Tang CN, Yang GP, Li MK. Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy for complicated appendicitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2007;205:60-5.
Gard CP, Vaidya BB, Chengalath MM. Efficacy of laparoscopic in complicated appendicitis. Int J Surg. 2009;7:250-52.
D’souza N, Nugent K. Appendicitis. AFP. 2016;93(2):142-43.
Mandeville K, Monuteaux M, Pottker T, Bulloch B. Effect of timing to diagnosis and appendectomy in pediatric appendicitis. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015;31(11):753- 58.
Ohene-Yeboah M, Abantanga FA. Incidence of acute appendicitis in Kumasi, Ghana. West afr J Med. 2009;28:122- 25.