Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Gastroenterology 2020-08-10T12:06:10+00:00 Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Gastroenterology Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Gastroenterology</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/AJRRGA/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of&nbsp;‘Gastroenterology’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) in a Patient with Chronic HCV While on Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy with a Worse Prognosis 2020-08-07T11:38:39+00:00 Nahed A. Makhlouf Hoda A. Makhlouf Aliae A. R. Mohamed- Hussein Ehab F. Moustafa Amal A. Mahmoud Sahar M. Hassany <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>&nbsp;The world is suffering a major global health pandemic caused by a new strain of the coronavirus (COVID-19). Herein, we encountered one case with COVID-19 and chronic HCV while on Direct Acting Antiviral Therapy.</p> <p><strong>Case Presentation: </strong>A 58-year male patient had chronic hepatitis C (HCV) without liver cirrhosis. He was on Direct - Acting Antiviral Therapy for HCV (DAAs) in the form of Sofosbuvir 400 mg daily and Daclatasvir 60 mg daily (on his third month). The patient developed acute respiratory symptoms suggestive of pneumonia. Oropharyngeal swab for COVID-19 was positive as detected by real-time polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) assay. The treatment for COVID-19 was given according to the Ministry of Health Protocol in addition to oxygen therapy with the continuation of his anti HCV therapy. His symptoms and oxygen saturation progressively deteriorated. The patient died despite supportive measures.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Clinicians should suspect a worse prognosis of COVID-19 in chronic HCV patient despite supportive therapy for COVID -19. The efficacy of Anti HCV therapy as protective or therapy against COVID-19 needs clinical trials.</p> 2020-08-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mesenteric Ischemia Associated with Taeniasis in Adults: About a Case 2020-08-06T14:43:59+00:00 M. Bouali A. El Karouachi A. El Bakouri K. El Hattabi F. Z. Bensardi A. Fadil <p>Mesenteric mesenteric circulation that does not meet the metabolic requirements of the visceral organs whose severity and affected organ depend on the vessel involved and the development of collaterals. Taenia saginata is a zoonotic tapeworm and the parasite is transmitted from human tapeworm carriers to cattle. Their association is rarely described in the literature. We report the case of a patient admitted to the emergency room with a mesenteric infarction whose surgical exploration found tapeworms, the patient benefited from a segmental resection of small intestine with termino-terminal anastomosis and ileocolostomy.</p> 2020-08-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Long Term Outcome of Endoscopic Minor Papillotomy in Patients with Symptomatic Pancreas Divisum: Experience from Northern India 2020-08-07T07:41:56+00:00 Omesh Goyal Arshdeep Singh Prerna Goyal <p>Pancreas divisum (PD) occurs due to the non-union of dorsal and ventral pancreatic ducts during organogenesis and is the most common developmental anatomic variant of pancreatic duct. Most of the PD cases remain asymptomatic, while others may present with recurrent/chronic abdominal pain. PD is considered an important cause of idiopathic recurrent acute pancreatitis. The diagnosis of PD is challenging and is often delayed. Failure to detect PD may lead to recurrent episodes of pancreatitis and development of chronic pancreatitis. Timely papillotomy of the minor papilla alleviates symptoms in majority of these patients. There is paucity of data on symptomatic pancreas divisum from India. We report a case series of seven patients with symptomatic pancreas divisum, 71.4% of these were females and 57.1% presented with recurrent acute pancreatitis. All the patients had long term symptomatic improvement after endoscopic papillotomy of minor papilla.</p> 2020-08-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Antibiotics Knowledge and Dispense Practice among Patent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors in Niger State, North Central Nigeria 2020-08-10T12:06:10+00:00 N. Reuben N. C. Eze <p><strong>Background:</strong> Inadequate knowledge and irrational dispense practice are serious Public Health challenges in Nigeria. This may increase financial burdens, risk of infection relapse and accelerate emergence and spread of the antibiotics resistance. Thus this may lead to complicated disease outcomes among individuals and families. There is no documented evidence on the Antibiotics knowledge and dispense practices among patent and proprietary medicine vendors (PPMVs) in Niger State. This study therefore evaluated Antibiotics knowledge and dispense practices among PPMVs in the area.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> A descriptive cross-sectional design was employed in this study. The study population comprises PPMVs in Niger State. A minimum sample size of 110 was calculated using Cochran’s formula n = Z<sup>2</sup>pq/d<sup>2</sup>. Respondents were selected using simple random sampling techniques. A pretested structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used for data collection.&nbsp; Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was used for data analysis.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The Mean age of respondents is 35±2.4 years. Respondents had fair knowledge of antibiotics. About 70.9% of the PPMVs dispensed antibiotics wrongly for common cold, catarrh and flu while 60.9% used antibiotics to treat cough and sore throat. The majority of the PPMVs (73.6%) dispensed antibiotics without prescriptions while 58.2% indicated that patient request incomplete course of antibiotics over the counter.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> There were fair knowledge on Antibiotics and some bad dispensing practices among PPMVs. To change the practice of antibiotics dispensing without prescription and indiscriminate use of antibiotics requires continue medical education of PPMVs on antibiotics rational use and enforcement of regulations.</p> 2020-08-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##